- What exactly is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s disease (PD) fits into a group of circumstances called motor system disorders, which are the outcome of the failure of dopamine-produced by brain cells.
The four main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are shiver, or unsteady arms, hands, jaw, legs, and face; firmness, or stiffness of the limbs and chest; bradykinesia, or listlessness of movement; and postural instability, or lack of equilibrium and coordination.
As the warning signs become clearer, patients may have difficulty in talking, walking, or completion of other simple tasks. Parkinson’s disease usually affects people above the age of 50.Early signs of Parkinson’s disease happen little by little. In some population the sickness develops more rapidly than others.
- Causes of Parkinson
We do not know exactly that what causes Parkinson’s disease to develop in many people. Specialists have recognized aging as a significant feature that adds to Parkinson’s in some persons. For example, populace over the age of 60 have a 2-4 % danger of emerging Parkinson’s disease, in contrast with the 1- 2 % threat in the common people.
There are some families who acquire Parkinson’s disease through heredity; those people are a very small percentage of the population with Parkinson’s disease. Most of the Parkinson’s disease cases are unbalanced — it means that heredity has not played an understandable role in the inception and advancement of the disease.
- Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
Bradykinesia is sluggishness in voluntary progress. It produces complication to begin any movement, as well as difficulty in implementation of movement once it is in progress.
The delayed conduction of signals from the brain to the very thin muscles, because of reduced dopamine, results in bradykinesia. Bradykinesia and stiffness that have an effect on the facial muscles can result in a “mask-like” look.
Shivering in the hands, fingers, forearms, or foot, when the patient is in state of rest, but not when the patient is doing any kind of task. Quivering may happen in the lips and chin too.
Stiffness in muscles may cause pain in the muscle. Inflexibility tends to increase during movement of any body part.
- Treatment of Parkinson
Currently, there is no as such treatment for Parkinson’s disease but there are numerous medicines to give you relief from the symptoms. There are drugs which help brain cells a lot in transfer of signals. But not all the symptoms are treated or kept in check with the help of the drugs. There are drugs to which Bradykinesia and stiffness responds the best, however, quiver may be only reduced to some extent. Problems with sense of balance and other indications cannot be eased at all. Less normally, surgery can be one of the ways to treat patients with very brutal Parkinson’s disease those who no longer react to any drug. The surgeries do not heal Parkinson’s disease, but may help some patients in deep brain stimulation, the surgeon plants electrical activators in particular areas of the brain to help with stiffness and movement problem. Scientists looking for the cause of Parkinson’s disease continue to look for for probable ecological factors, such as pollutants, that may cause the disorder, and study inherited factors to decide how flawed genes play a role. Other scientists are functioning to expand new defensive drugs that can delay, prevent, or reverse the disease.